Currently, robotic automation is more affordable, generating a high demand for industrial robots in various sectors of the industry, keeping the industrial market in constant motion.
Applications that require robotic automation systems daily include the press-to-press transfer of parts. Although it is a process generally used in the automotive industry, programs have been developed to integrate robots into press processes where smaller parts that are seen in the metal and electronics industry are handled.
The process aims to facilitate the transfer mechanism in transferring a part or product from one device to another transfer device within the press or for handling the press. The idea of automating them with robots is to match the transfer application with the press and other equipment to obtain a single improved system that increases production capacity.
This type of application effectively handles a highly demanding and high performing environment where human labor has a higher percentage of risk due to the weight, dimension, or size of the objects to be manipulated from one side to the other with a demanding constancy. It makes human labor a challenging element to integrate due to security.
For this type of robotic press automation, there are variables such as tools and workpieces that are taken into account to obtain better results and less risk of interference.
These variables include distance, reinforcement height, stroke length, feed length, and die clearance.
But we focus our attention on the type of robots we must consider for these specific process characteristics such as size, flexibility, cycle times, and mounting options.
In the payload capacity, the weight of the end of arm tools must be assessed and included in the calculations. In addition, the inertia produced by the gripper’s movement must be taken into account, as it allows the robot to adapt to specific applications.
Another critical point is the flexibility that will depend on the positioning and the ability to tilt a part back and forth of the parts to be transferred, which requires excellent flexibility provided by a 6-axis robot.
To obtain the best result in robotic press automation, speed and cycle time are essential in determining a complete cycle in a press. A cycle time of 360 degrees is calculated from the point the press, when it’s fully open until it closes at 180 degrees, before returning to the starting point.
Establishing the position of a robot in a press determines the obedience of robots in pressing area tasks. It also determines how dies are changed during production and how they must be mounted in a way that optimizes flexibility and floor space requirements. The robot’s location should not interrupt operator access to the press in the case of a manual process. The assembly implies the ability to give the robot enough reach to be able to transfer the parts. Some of the great benefits of integrating automated robotic press include flexibility, increased time capacity, optimized production, higher duty cycles, and faster cycle times.
Transfer systems reduce the company’s labor costs and improve operator safety. The initial investment cost is much lower than the labor costs.
The advance of automated press operations depends on its flexible and efficient system. It works in conjunction with peripheral equipment and other devices and tools that allow for a higher speed of supply while maintaining high precision and stability.
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