For a person who is unfamiliar with industrial robots, it may take a long while to get a keen understanding of how to differentiate between different types. Industrial robots come in several different shapes and sizes. They vary in function, make, and configurations. To get the basic understanding of industrial robots, we have classified them below, according to specifications, and configurations.
The Basic Types of Industrial Robots
If we categorize robots based on their specifications and applications, there are several different types of robots that would make the list. However, the most basic and simple types of industrial robots include:
The servo robot: The robot comes with an extensive range of capabilities owing to its effectors and manipulators, robotic appendages that act as the hands and arms of the robot. This allows it to perform with greater movement and increased flexibility.
The nonservo robot: This robot is mainly used to transport objects from one place to another. It can lift an object, move it around, and put it down.
The programmable robot: As the name suggests, this particular robot stores command on its database. This robot therefore, can repeat tasks at a pre-decided schedule.
Robots come with different movement capabilities that define their configurations. The most common ones include:
- The jointed arm, or the vertically articulated configuration, entails linking the robot’s jointed arm o the robot with a twisting joint. Each link is connected on the arm by rotary joints, which makes the arm appear jointed.
- The Cartesian configuration is also known as the rectilinear. It has the ability to move along three axes. Linear joints link the arms in this particular configuration.
- Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm or the SCARA configuration has two horizontal joints. This configuration is not designed to work in multiple level surfaces.
- Cylindrical has a robotic arm that is connected to the body of the robot with one joint at the base; the arm’s links are connected via linear joints.
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